Alopecia, commonly known as hair loss or baldness, refers to a set of disorders which cause the rapid hair falling coupled with a reduction in hair regrowth which leads to gradual hair thinning and eventually to the complete loss of hair in certain areas of the scalp. Under the umbrella-term “alopecia”, there are a number of conditions of varying severity, from alopecia areata, which is an autoimmune disorder that causes random bald spots to appear on the scalp, to alopecia universalis, which refers to the complete loss of all hair on the human body. The most common form of alopecia is male pattern baldness, or androgenic alopecia, which can affect up to 70% of the male and 40% of the female population at some point in their lives.
Androgenic alopecia, or simply male pattern baldness, is a form of hair loss that is caused by the gradual androgenic miniaturization of the hair follicles which eventually leads to permanent hair loss. Androgenic alopecia is one of the most common hair loss causes and can appear in the case of both men and women. Men will often display a hairline recession at the temples and the vortex that will often result in areas of total hair loss while women usually experience a more diffused hair loss that rarely produces any complete bald spots. While the precise causes of male pattern baldness have not been identified, it is believed that a number of factors that contribute to its manifestation, including the individual’s genetic predisposition and his hormonal levels. It has been discovered that individuals who present this condition also have below normal levels of testosterone, epitestosterone, sex hormone-binding globuline and follicle-stimulating hormones. In the case of individuals with androgenic alopecia, the testosterone is converted into dihydrotestosterone (DHT), an androgen hormone that is essential for the development of male secondary sex characteristics, such as facial hair and a deeper voice. Dihydrotestosterone contributes to the miniaturization of hair follicles and eventually leads to partial or total hair fall.
The causes of alopecia tend to differ from one form of hair loss to the other. Alopecia areata, for example, is considered to be an autoimmune disorder in which the body attacks its own anagen follicles thus suppressing the growth of new hair. It is also believed that heredity can contribute to the appearance of alopecia areata under the form of a genetic predisposition shared by several members of a family. The violent autoimmune reaction can lead to the formation of bald spots of different shapes and sizes on the patient’s scalp, though they can also occur on other parts of the body. Other types of alopecia, such as alopecia totalis, which implies the total loss of all head hair, and alopecia universalis, referring to the complete loss of all body hair, are autoimmune disorders that occur very rarely, alopecia universalis, for instance, having an incidence of merely 0.0005%.
While there is no effective way to prevent hair loss when it has a hormonal or an autoimmune origin, the hair specialists of Renew Skin & Health Clinic can provide you with a number of very efficient, safe and convincing hair loss solutions in order to address the aesthetic challenges posed by male baldness. At Renew Skin & Health Clinic, you can undergo both surgical hair transplant, such as Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) surgery and Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) surgery, as well as non-surgical hair transplant for those who want immediate results without opting for a medical procedure. The procedures through which the hair implants are transplanted to the areas which are affected by hair thinning or by total hair loss are safe and produce excellent medical and aesthetic results if conducted in the proper environment by a skilled hair specialist.
If you wish to establish a precise diagnosis and benefit from specialized treatment, the experienced staff of Renew Skin & Health Clinic is prepared to help you address the effects of alopecia. You can simply contact Renew Skin & Health Clinic Head Office in order to schedule an appointment at a facility near you.