Moles or melanocytic nevi are pigment cells or melanocytes accumulations on the skin surface or immediately subcutaneous. Moles are usually benign, round or oval and symmetrical, falling thus into normal parameters. However, there are situations when these moles suffer alterations in size, color and shape, and as these changes can develop into melanoma, their surgical removal is strongly recommended. And as with any type of surgery, side effects may appear.

Pain is the most common side effect that may appear after mole removal. During the surgery, due to the effect of anesthesia the patient doesn’t feel anything, but after this effect fades away, the pain can manifest itself quite acutely. According to plastic surgery, pain intensity is directly proportional with the removal method used. For example, the electrocautery of the mole can sometimes be more painful than its surface shave. Also, smaller moles do not usually cause acute pain after removal, but the bigger ones can. Similarly, when burning the moles, pain can appear due to the skin irritation but disappears quickly in 24 to 48 hours from the procedure.

Scars represent another side effect and a quite common one too with mole removal. Generally, the bigger the mole and removed adjacent tissues, the more visible the scar. Nevertheless, a larger wound as the one resulted with surgical excision requires stitching; but this will improve the scarring effect within the skin. Moreover, according to the skin type, some scars fade away in time, while others from more delicate and exposed areas (the face) will require correction – which can be of non-invasive nature. Hence, when moles are situated in visible areas, you should discuss with the specialist about choosing the best solution.

Another post-operative side effect can be the infection. If the wound and the targeted area are kept clean and washed at least twice a day, unpleasant infections may appear. The signs of an infection are redness, pain, warmth sensation and pus. In some severe cases, if infections aren’t treated in due time, bacteria can enter the blood flow lading to more serious complications.

In order to avoid these side effects to a higher extent, all the aspects of surgical mole removal should be discussed with the specialist, to ask all the necessary questions and clarify every aspect. Side effects do exist, but can be extensively minimized.